Grammar-Tidbits: Proved vs Proven
Today is for those times when you’re not quite sure if you want to use ‘proved’ or ‘proven.’
Both prove and proven are formed from the verb prove. Here are the usage variations:
- Present tense: prove
- Simple past tense: proved
- Past participle: proved
- Irregular past participle: proven
Correct usage examples:
- He has proven his case.
- He proved his case.
- She proved he was wrong.
- She proved she can beat the competition.
- She has proven she can beat the competition.
- The competition proved they weren’t quite a challenge after all.
- That band has proven to be a crowd favorite.
- That band proved to be a crowd favorite.
- The attendees proved their love for the acoustic group.
- My parents have proven they can’t be trusted to remember to lock the door.
- My parents proved they can’t be trusted to remember to lock the door.
As you can see, either variation can be used. However, (there’s always, a ‘but’, right?) two well-used style guides – AP Stylebook and Chicago Manual of Style, recommend avoiding “proven” as a verb, but it’s one of those cases where the line is becoming blurry and both variations are becoming mainstream.
(Using proven as an adjective preceding a noun is acceptable all around. For example, a proven theory; proven right; proven innocent; proven track record; and so on.)
If either can work and you just can’t decide, read it out loud and select the variation that sounds best — unless there is a specific style guide to follow, then, as always, follow the client’s wishes and follow the style guide!